Why Does Evil Reign?

If Jesus is on the Throne, Why Does Evil Reign?

“But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom.” Hebrews 1:8 KJV

A young Sunday school student once shared an observation with me after I taught about Jesus power and authority over all creation.  In particular, I was trying to stress the victory over Satan that Jesus gained by His death and resurrection.

However, it seemed pretty obvious to this student, that Jesus must not be all that powerful in view of all of the evil and travail in the world. It seemed to him that Satan is having His way in this world. I appreciated that this young soul was thinking and trying to make sense of the nonsense that he saw around him.

It made me aware that there was a deficiency in my presentation of Jesus Christ. In particular, I was not accurately understanding, much less communicating, the present work of Christ in the world today.

The Gospel of Jesus Christ emphasizes a work that was finished during his first appearance and we teach about His death on a cross, His resurrection, His ascension and His promised return as King.

“A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me, because I go to the Father.”

[John 16:16 KJV]

As Christians, we celebrate and worship Jesus Christ as King of kings and Lord of lords. We rightly sing about His Majesty, His Glory and His Worthiness. We also recognize that His resurrection from the dead proves that He is God and therefore He is perfectly righteous. Yet when we look at our present evil world, there is no evidence that His righteous Rule or sceptre of Righteousness is in effect.

We rightly announce that Jesus is on the Father’s throne, but we fail to clarify whose throne it is and what He is doing there. The Bible describes His royal titles as King of the Jews, King of the Nations and King of Israel, as well as King of kings and Lord of lords. While He is called the Head of the Church, He is never given the title King of the Church.

We often confuse ourselves and others when we fail to acknowledge that He is not, at present, on His Throne. If we look at Jesus’ declaration and promise to the overcomer in Revelation 3:21, we notice that there is a future promise and a present reality.

“He who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne.”

[Revelation 3:21 NASB]

The Future Promise

Believers are promised to sit with Jesus on His throne. This implies that this throne is not yet occupied. The present reality is that Jesus is now set down with The Father on His Throne. There is a co-regency portrayed here. So while it is right to say that Jesus is reigning on the throne in heaven, the exercise of authority from this throne is very different now than what it will be from His own future Throne on earth.

In other words, He is anointed King, but He is not yet functioning as King on this earth. Hebrews 1:8, shows us that His sceptre of righteousness is connected with His Kingdom.  This future rule from His throne on earth is very different than His present rule from the Fathers throne (the throne of grace) in heaven. Contrast His future rule from His present rule….

“And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.”

[Revelation 19:15 KJV]

The Present Reality

“Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”

[Hebrews 4:14-16 NKJV]

So we see that the present throne of grace is very different from the future throne of righteousness. In this day, it appears that evil reigns. Even though Jesus is presently on the Father’s throne, the world is still in the hands of the evil one. The Devil gained his position by deceit, usurping the authority that our first parents, Adam and Eve, had over God’s Creation.

Since that time, mankind is motivated by self righteousness and sin of every sort. God is allowing the fruit of sin to come into the full measure of its poison so that mankind will be motivated to look to Him for an antidote to deliver us.

As a result, “…evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.” (2 Timothy 3:13), we are lovers of ourselves…”Traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God” (2 Timothy 3:4). We see that evil men are exercising their desire for a one world government, religion and economic system after the workings of Satan.

The only rescue from this poison is to look to Jesus Christ: “And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” (John 3:14-16)

The Throne of Grace

The throne that the Lord Jesus occupies today ensures the promise to believers that they possess an ‘alien righteousness’. That is, the righteousness of the Lord Jesus Himself is credited to the believer and by extension, to the church in this day of grace. (Romans 4:5; 5:19; 2 Timothy 4:8)

As believers, we can claim no righteousness of our own. In ourselves, we are powerless to avoid sin and we are powerless to stand before the Holy, Holy, Holy God. Yet, in Christ because of His present position as our intercessor on the throne of grace, we can say no to sin and we are made to be over-comers.

The Throne of Righteousness

In contrast to the Throne of Grace that maintains the heirs or children of the Kingdom under an ‘alien righteousness’, the throne that the Lord Jesus will occupy after His return to earth will impose righteousness with a rod of iron. It is then that He will take His place as King of kings and Lord of lords. For one thousand years, governmental corruption will no longer be tolerated.

During His reign, the influence of Satan will be removed by his incarceration, (Revelation 20:2) the curse of sin will be greatly modified with long lives through natural cures. (Isaiah 65:20: Revelation 22:2) Wars will end (Isaiah 2:4) and the end of the law of the jungle will be abolished as the lion lays down with the lamb. (Isaiah 11:6,7; 65:25)

Those that violate God’s righteousness under these conditions will be summarily dispatched. (Revelation 2:7; Zechariah 14: 16,18,19) This new order will bring in an era of peace and prosperity that we can only dream about. If Jesus was on His throne now, it would be greatly disappointing because this world is still under an evil dominion. This is why I am glad that Jesus is currently on the throne of grace and not His throne of righteousness.

Do these two thrones make it seem like God is capricious? In part two of this post, we want to answer the question as to why God in the Old Testament seems to be so different than God in the New Testament. This may help us to understand why we must choose the throne of grace now.

Thinking upon these truths I am reminded of this great hymn by Isaac Watts:

Jesus shall reign where’er the sun,

doth its successive journeys run,

His Kingdom stretch from shore to shore,

till moons shall wax and wane no more

v. 4

Blessings abound where’er He reigns

The prisoner leaps to lose his chains

The weary find eternal rest

And all the sons of want are blest


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  1. Reply
    Jody Ospina says:

    This will really help me answer the question of why God is allowing evil in the world.

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